The CO2 emission standards for new passenger cars and light and heavy-duty vehicles is one instrument for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector. We are convinced that a balanced mix of strict but achievable CO2 emission standards and a level playing field for all emission reduction technologies will have the most positive impact on our climate. To determine a technology's true contribution to climate protection, a vehicle's carbon footprint must ideally be assessed based on its entire life cycle. Including renewable fuels in CO2 emission standards is a first step towards a more holistic and integrative climate approach to transport.
Especially in light of the Commission’s plan to raise the targets of the CO2 emission standards to -55% in the year 2030 and -100% for 2035, it is even more important to allow a wide range of technologies to contribute to the CO2 emission standards and consider the carbon footprint along the whole value chain. If renewable fuels are not considered in the CO2 emission standards, the electric drivetrain will be the only option for car manufacturers and consumers alike. This would be a risky strategy for reaching the EU climate targets, and a one-sided policy for satisfying customers’ needs. A consideration of eFuels is only possible by introducing a crediting system counting CO2 emission savings from renewable fuels towards the EU fleet targets for new vehicles, which would complement the electrification efforts (technology-mix). The crediting scheme has been developed on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).
Introducing a Crediting System
- would offer more climate neutral choices for customers such as hybrid vehicles,
- would lead to more CO2 reduction in comparison to electric vehicles only,
- is a first step towards a holistic life cycle assessment of vehicles,
- can’t undermine effectiveness and efficiency of existing provisions because it is voluntary,
- considers only additional amounts of renewable fuels,
- retains responsibilities, limitations, and sustainability criteria of the fuel industry,
- is based on established procedures and institutions to verify fuel amounts,
- offers more solutions and a safety net for the automotive industry – but also for the climate.
- The eFuel Alliance strongly supports such a mechanism and calls on the European Parliament and Member States in the European Council to include the crediting system for renewable fuels in the revised regulation on CO2 emission standards for passenger cars and vans, as well as for heavy duty vehicles.
- Any possibility to reduce emissions should be allowed in a technology-neutral way, in line with a holistic and successful climate policy.